Candied candied candied berries from the Khitan people
Release time： 2014/8/29
Candied fruit preserved fruit is a common everyday people, food, few people may know that this food originated from the Khitan people's eating habits.
Wild fruit preserves
Speaking of Chinese preserved fruit preserves the original source, have to say nomadic pond water (now the territory of Inner Mongolia Chifeng City Xar Moron River) and soil River (now the territory of Chifeng City Laoha River) in the vicinity of the Khitan tribe. Autonomous Region Department of Culture Heritage Department, said Wang Dafang, China preserves the original source is preserved wild fruit preserves Khitan say that this contribution to the steppe nomads of the Chinese food culture.
Wang generous introduction, the invention preserves preserved, thanks to nomadic Butchers and meat production technologies. At that time, berries fresh perishable, the Khitan people in order to save and edible berries, salt leaching from the production of meat and dried meat jerky and jerky technique was inspired to collect from the forest to the use of wild berries after honey dipping sauce, then remove the dried, which have preserved fruit preserves. This food has retained the original flavor of the fruit, but also easy to save and carry.
Vegetables and fruit
In addition to the production of preserved fruit preserves, Khitan people also grow vegetables and fruits, which have been confirmed in archeology. Wang Dafang pointed out that a thousand years ago, the Khitan people in the nation's dealings with farming, cultivation of fruits and vegetables learned techniques.
Archaeologists discovered the Khitan people in Mongolia to store vegetables in the cellar, as well as canals and vegetable ruins. Aohanqi found in Chifeng Liao tomb murals, painted thereon watermelon, pears, apricots, peaches, dates and other fruits, in Liaoning Beijing ruins, also excavated watermelon and melon seeds and so on.
Wang Dafang said at the time the Khitan people grow vegetables cucumbers, beans, garlic, onions and leeks, and many more from the introduction of Western Silk Road through the prairie. Song envoy to Beijing to see the beans in Liaoning, called "Uighur beans." According to records, Uighur beans, sophomore Chi Xu, straight stem has a leaf.
Khitan people cucumber is called "long melon", people should not only eat cucumber season, also for four seasons with salted edible. Khitan people planting fruit watermelon, peach, plum, pear, chestnut, persimmon, watermelon which is Khitan specialty. Due to the nomadic Khitan people cold prairie climate, easy frozen fruit, they created a frozen pears. Khitan people in order to develop fruit farming, the emperor issued an edict, so that all counties wide fruit trees, orchards gradually became many nurseries.
The two sides exchanged gifts
Candied fruit preserved at that time also act as a "messenger of peace." Khitan Liao Dynasty built often put it as a gift to the Northern Song Dynasty.
Wang generous introduction to, when Khitan frequent friendly exchanges with the Northern Song Dynasty, every time the two sides exchanged gifts, Khitan Liao emperor always put candied fruit preserved as a precious gift, presented to the Northern Song Dynasty emperor. According to historical records, these candied candied total of twenty large boxes, honey sun mountain fruit, candied fruit and other mountains.
Candied fruit preserved fruit also has a bond with Ouyang Xiu, according to Wang generous introduction, the Northern Song Dynasty scholar, called "Tang and Song" Ouyang Xiu had ordered one of the Khitan envoy Prairie, received a warm welcome. There is a banquet preserves called "candied plums", so Xiu liked Khitan people put their renamed "European plums", the incident became the North-South legend brother's wife.
And today's Beijing, the South had jurisdiction to Khitan Nanjing government, Khitan emperors and empresses from the prairie up often in this sojourn, candied candied will be brought here, and take root and become a major specialty of Beijing, today Beijing no less than dozens of preserved fruit preserves.